International Joint Conference On Theoretical Computer Science – Frontier of Algorithmic Wisdom

August 15-19, 2022, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

 

Accepted Papers

Track H


A Mechanism Design Approach for Multi-Party Machine Learning

Mengjing Chen, Yang Liu, Weiran Shen, Yiheng Shen, Pingzhong Tang, Qiang Yang

Abstract:
In a multi-party machine learning system, different parties cooperate on optimizing towards better models by sharing data in a privacy-preserving way. A major challenge in learning is the incentive issue. For example, if there is competition among the parties, one may strategically hide his data to prevent other parties from getting better models.
In this paper, we study the problem through the lens of mechanism design and incorporate the features of multi-party learning in our setting. First, each agent’s valuation has externalities that depend on others’ types and actions. Second, each agent can only misreport a type lower than his true type, but not the other way round. We call this setting interdependent value with type-dependent action spaces. We provide the optimal truthful mechanism in the quasi-monotone utility setting. We also provide necessary and sufficient conditions for truthful mechanisms in the most general case. We show the existence of such mechanisms is highly affected by the market growth rate. Finally, we devise an algorithm to find the desirable mechanism that is truthful, individually rational, efficient and weakly budget-balance.